Group Discussion – Government / Banking Recruitment Phase
Overview: Group discussion is a form of systematic and purposeful oral process characterized by the formal and structured exchange of views on a particular topic, issue, problem or situation for developing information and understanding essential for decision making or problem solving. It refers to a communicative situation that allows its participants to express views and opinions and share with other participants. For most government banks, group discussion is the second round of recruitment activity wherein 8-12 people form a group and are given a topic, issue, problem or situation to analyse with logical reasoning. Normal duration for discussion ranges between 15-20 minutes. Some evaluators might give candidates 2-5 minutes for preparing about the topic.
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Group discussions today occupy an important place in bank selections, with these discussions helping to test the communication, leadership and team-spirit skills. Group discussions in bank recruitments also aim at testing the general knowledge, subject awareness and competence of the candidate. They also help gauge the level of confidence, thinking and level of maturity. These calls for having an above average awareness of what is generally going around, with most issues are carefully chosen from the topics of relevance. Taking time to regularly practice and prepare for group discussions is very important; this preparation could come in handy for other job selections also. Perfection requires time and effort; it is not tough, but just requires increasing ones general knowledge with reading magazines, daily newspaper and watching the news.
Characteristics Of Successful Group Discussion
Group Discussion Guidelines
Scoring Do’s tips and rules for the discussion includes:
- Alertness:Effective time management to understand the overall meaning of topic, cheerful nature, interest, urge and keenness.
- Power of Expression: The ideas must be expressed clearly, fluently and logically.
- Organise & Structure: From starting or concluding the discussion, it should be methodical.
- Use words like ‘we’, ‘the group’, ‘most or some of us’ as we are discussing among groups.
- Use the right time moments when there is minute pause from other vocal members to put forth your viewpoints.
- Non disclosure of weakness by avoiding using bombastic words to make your impression or speaking about points that you cannot defend.
- Use of short sentences to convey the main logical points in depth.
- Maintain eye contact with all group members with proper body language.
- Address to all group members without referring to specific group members.
- Be as natural as possible. Do not try and be someone you are not. Be yourself.
- A group discussion is your chance to be more vocal. The evaluator wants to hear you speak.
- Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject.
- Work out various strategies to help you make an entry, initiate the discussion or agree with someone else’s point and then move onto express your views.
Scoring Don’ts tips and rules for the discussion includes:
- While making hand moments avoid aggressive body moments like having pen or pencil in the hand that point to others.
- •Do not bring new points in the conclusion of discussion.
- •Repetition of statements will not fetch points.
- •Avoid using ‘I’, ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘they’.
- •Do not speak your thoughts in disjoint phrases and avoid stammers.
- •Do not think from one aspect of thought and bring logical obvious facts among team members.
- •Do not look at notes or copy while speaking or listening.
- •Do not cut short others in between the discussion.
- •Do not use long sentences.
- •Avoid being aggressive or use negative tone.
- •Do not lose control or being tense.
- •Avoid having conversation with specific teammates.
Group Members Discussion Roles
- Information, reactions & critiques: It’s very essential to talk and listen among members to get information and raise new points, insights that may only emerge through discussion. Group members must engage in an interactive discussion and should take seriously and respond to each other’s comments and contributions.
- Focus on topic: It is highly important to convey quality points in between the discussion as evaluator judges and points only on relevant concise points.
Leaders’ Roles in Group Discussion:
- Initiating: Group leader after analyzing the topic should initiate the discussion by focusing on topic overview, content, meaning, and scope which can be further discussed among members. Focus should me to get the discussion started and to avoid group silence.
- Facilitating participation: It is very important for group leader to make sure that all members get at least an opportunity to participate or speak. If anyone or few dominate a group, it is leader responsibility to try and rectify that; this may mean going around in-turn or calling on people.
- Expediting and summarizing: Leader must keep the discussion on topic and moving. It also includes summarizing what the group has said; be prepared to explain the information and synthesize it on occasion to draw connections between different points.
Group Discussion Process Flow & Candidate’s Evaluation
Observations & Evaluation
|Evaluators are present in the Group Discussion room
||Not at present
- Order and manner in which the participants enter the room.
- Interactions among the participants.
|Evaluators greet the participants
- Do the participants greet back?
- How was the face and voice impression?
|Evaluators ask the participants to take their seats
- Who chooses which seat?
- Who chooses promptly and confidently?
|Evaluators take in their first impression of the participants
- Presentability, confidence, composure, body language, discipline and other qualities that are a part of the first impression.
|Evaluators announce the topic, structure and provide instructions for the group discussion.
- Who asks clarifications?
- The quality of the query asked?
|Evaluators announce commencement of GD session.
- Who all are settled immediately?
|Participants take time to collect their thoughts and prepare for the discussion.
- Are pen and paper used, points jotted down?
- Is the time allotted judiciously used?
|Evaluator asks the participants to start the discussion or participants initiate the discussion themselves.
- Who takes initiative and begins the discussion?
- Quality of opening statements made.
|Evaluator observes the discussion
- Who all are speaking and listening?
- Who tries to define the topic?
- Who tries to check if all participants have an understanding of the topic?
- Does anyone try and define the objectives for this discussion?
- Does anyone try and define a framework for points to be considered during the discussion?
- The number of points.
- The relevance of points.
- The variety of points, out of the box points, uniqueness of points.
- The conciseness of the spoken statement to convey the idea of the point.
- The diction, tone, volume, confidence of speech.
- Is the speech directed to the entire group or to some strategic participants?
- Who responds to the spoken point, the entire group or only a select few?
- Does one ask for clarifications on or offer supporting data for points made by others?
- Is one able to offer clarifications to others on own points?
- Does anyone try to moderate the discussion?
- Can anyone evaluate and point out the relevance of a point to the discussion, weed out irrelevant points?
- Is anyone able to get all the participants to contribute?
- Who is able to summarize the discussion till at any given point in time, evaluate the direction the discussion is taking?
|Evaluator signals end of discussion, thanks the participants and request them to leave the room
- How do the participants react, who is dejected, who is upbeat, who is confident, who maintains their poise etc.?
- Does anyone ask any queries? If so, the relevance of the queries?
- Does anyone thank the evaluators?
Some Important Group Discussion Topics
- FDI in retail in India
- Women’s rape cases and reservation bill in India
- Growth Vs Inflation
- European debt crisis
- Low GDP, industry output and rupee depreciation
- Rising NPAs of the Indian banks
- Use of force by banks to recover loans
- US Subprime crisis
- Should PSUs be divested through strategic sale or public offer
- Technology creates income disparities
- IPL good for business and bad for cricket
- How to deal with high oil prices
- Privatisation leads to less corruption
- Media has become a tool of propaganda for the rich and powerful
- Consumer is god in today’s market
- Public sector is more a hindrance than help to promote socialism
- Advertising is a waste of resources
- Rating agencies lowers India outlook to negative
- Is Indian economy insulated from the global slowdown
- To develop India has to empower women
- A Unipolar World spells disaster for underdeveloped countries like India
- Is Globalization Really Necessary?
- What shall we do about our ever-increasing Population?
- Corruption is the price we pay for Democracy
- Is India a Soft Nation?
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