UPSC National Defence Academy (NDA) Exam: Eligibility, Pattern, Syllabus, Coaching, Classes, Institute, Notification, Result
The National Defense Academy is located in Pune and is the common ground for training the three wings of Indian Defense, Army, Navy and Air Force.
The National Defense Academy is located south-west of Pune City and north-west of Khadakwasla Lake on 7015 acres of land, out of the 8022 acres. Pune was chosen as the training site because of number of reasons. Healthy climatic conditions, suitability of terrain for military training, proximity to the Arabian Sea, existence of an operational airfield at Lohegaon, vicinity of military establishments and the presence of a lake nearby, the existence of a combined training centre and the ‘mock’ landing ship, HMS Angostura on the north bank of the Khadakwasla lake all contributed to making Pune the best site for the Academy.
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NDA Course Structure
The NDA is the foundation for a career in the Indian military services.
Training and education program has a four year structure. In the first three years includes courses in all subjects for a University Degree plus basic training of fundamental military sciences. After completion of three years the cadet gets a University Degree. The final year focuses on the specialization into the specific branch of the Indian military services that a cadet desires to join. Army cadets go to the IMA at Dehra Dun, Air Force cadets to the flying training establishments in Hyderabad and the Naval cadets for Midshipman training to the Training Ships.
Admission to the NDA is conducted twice a year via an entrance examination, held every six months by the UPSC. The candidates selected from the competitive exam, further go through a multiple-round interviews including physiological and group testing followed by a thorough medical examination.
A candidate must be either:
(a) A citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or
(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or
(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
- Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
- Certificate of eligibility will not, however, be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.
- Candidate born not earlier than 2nd July, 1994 and not later than 1st January, 1996.
Date of Birth Certificate:
The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognized by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.
No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.
Once the date of birth is recorded in the Commission, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other Examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.
Sex and Marital Status:
- Only unmarried male candidates are eligible.
NOTE: Candidates must undertake not to marry until they complete their full training. A candidate who marries during training shall be discharged and will be liable to refund all expenditure incurred on him by the Government.
NDA Educational Qualifications:
For admission to the examination, a candidate must have (any one of the following):
- For Army wing of National Defence Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
- For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 (Executive Branch) Course at the Naval Academy: 12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.
- Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this examination.
NOTE: Candidates appearing in the 11th class exam are not eligible for this examination.
- Candidates who are debarred by the Ministry of Defence from holding any type of commission in the Defence Services shall not be eligible for admission to the examination and if admitted, their candidature will be cancelled.
- Those candidates who have failed INSB / PABT earlier are not eligible for Air Force.
- A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academics of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.
UPSC NDA EXAM PATTERN
The entrance for National Defense Academy comprises of a Written Exam followed by and Intelligence and Personality Test. The details follow:
- The written exam consist of two papers.
|II||General Ability Test||2.5 hours||600|
General (but important) instructions about written examination
- The General Ability Test consists of
|Part B||General Knowledge||400|
- The papers in all the subjects consist of Objective (multiple choice answer) Type questions only.
- Question Papers of Paper I – Mathematics and Part B of Paper II will be set in English and Hindi.
- SI units will be used in the papers and Candidates should use only International form of Indian numerals (i.e. 1,2,3,4,5,6 etc.) while answering question papers.
- Commission have discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination.
- Candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type papers (Test Booklets).
For more detailed exam instructions for Conventional and Objective type papers go through Exam instructions
For Syllabus of the papers check the NDA Subject list.
- The Union Public Service Commission will declare a qualified list of candidates (based on the written exam).
- The selected candidates will appear before a Services Selection Board for Intelligence and Personality Test.
- Candidates for the Army/Navy wings of the NDA and Executive branch of Naval Academy will be assessed on officers potentiality
- Candidates for the Air Force wing, along with officer potentiality assessment, will also undergo a Pilot Aptitude Test.
Two Stage Selection Procedure
- Two stage selection procedure will be based on Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test.
- Al the candidates will be put to stage one test on first day of reporting at Selection Centres/Air Force Selection Boards.
- Only those candidates who qualify at stage one will be admitted to the second stage.
- Those candidates who qualify stage II will be required to submit the original Certificates along with one photocopy each of :
- Original Matriculation pass certificate or equivalent in support of date of birth
- Original 10+2 pass certificate or equivalent in support of educational qualification
- For final qualification, candidates for the Army/Navy and Naval Academy should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in (i) Written examination and (ii) Officer potentiality test, and candidates for the Air Force should secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in (i) Written examination (ii) Officer potentiality test, and (iii) Pilot Aptitude Test as fixed by the Commission in their discretion.
- Qualified candidates will then be placed in the final order of merit on the basis of total marks secured by them in the Written examination, and the Services Selection Board Tests in three separate lists:
- Army and the Navy,
- Air Force
- Executive course at the Naval Academy.
- The names of candidates who qualify for all the Services of NDA and the Naval Academy will appear in all the three Merit Lists.
- The final selection for admission will be made in order of merit depending on the number of vacancies in each wing.
- The selection will be subject to medical fitness and suitability in all other respects.
- NOTE: A candidate who fails in the Pilot Aptitude Test cannot apply for admission to the National Defence Academy Examination, the Air Force wing or General Duties (Pilot) Branch or Naval Air Arm.
UPSC NDA SYLLABUS
Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon – different forms. Fertilizers – Natural and Artificial Material used in the preparation of substances like soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom, Atomic, Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
Difference between the living and non- living. Basis of Life – Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention. Food – Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System – Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering – Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate. Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India – Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities – both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.